What is the spanish armada all about
The Spanish Armada by Robert HutchinsonAfter the accession of Elizabeth I in 1558, Protestant England was beset by the hostile Catholic powers of Europe, including Spain. In October 1585, King Philip II of Spain declared his intention to destroy Protestant England and began preparing invasion plans, leading to an intense intelligence war between the two countries and culminating in the dramatic sea battles of 1588.
Popular history dictates that the defeat of the Spanish Armada was a David versus Goliath victory, snatched by plucky and outnumbered English forces. In this tightly written and fascinating new history, Robert Hutchinson explodes this myth, revealing the true destroyers of the Spanish Armada—inclement weather and bad luck. Of the 125 Spanish ships that set sail against England, only 60 limped home, the rest wrecked or sank with barely a shot fired from their main armament.
In this dramatic hour-by-hour, blow-by-blow account of the Spanish Armadas attempt to destroy Elizabeths England, Hutchinson spins a compelling and unbelievable narrative. Using everything from contemporary eyewitness accounts to papers held by the national archives in Spain and the United Kingdom, Robert Hutchinson re-creates one of historys most famous episodes in an entirely new way.
Interesting Spanish Armada Facts
After Henry died however, his eldest daughter Mary eventually succeeded him and in attempting to restore Catholicism to the country married King Philip II of Spain. Events finally came to a head between Elizabeth and Philip in the s when Elizabeth openly supported Protestants in the Netherlands who were revolting against Spanish occupation. Holland wanted its independence from the occupying Spanish forces that had been using their religious secret police called the Inquisition to hunt out Protestants. It is thought that Philip made his decision to invade England as early as and almost immediately started the construction of a massive armada of ships that could carry an army capable of conquering his Protestant enemy. He gained Papal support for his venture and even identified his daughter Isabella as the next Queen of England. The preparation required for such a venture was huge.
In the late 16th century, Spain was the most powerful empire in the known world. England was helping Spain's Dutch rebels and English ships, under the command of Sir Francis Drake, to attack Spain's treasure fleet as they returned from the Caribbean. Worst of all, England was now a Protestant nation. Philip's plan was that an armada of ships would sail to the Netherlands, pick up 30, Spanish troops and invade England. However, the Armada was delayed by an English attack on Cadiz harbour in where Drake made off with gold treaures and destroyed over Spanish ships.
The Spanish Armada was an enormous ship naval fleet dispatched by Spain in as part of a planned invasion of England. The defeat of the Spanish Armada led to a surge of national pride in England and was one of the most significant chapters of the Anglo-Spanish War. Philip was particularly incensed by the spread of Protestantism in England, and he had long toyed with the idea of conquering the British Isle to bring it back into the Catholic fold. Tensions between Spain and England flared in the s, after Elizabeth began allowing privateers such as Sir Francis Drake to conduct pirate raids on Spanish fleets carrying treasure from their rich New World colonies. By , when England signed a treaty of support with Dutch rebels in the Spanish-controlled Netherlands, a state of undeclared war existed between the two powers. The Spanish Armada was a naval force of about ships, plus some 8, seamen and an estimated 18, soldiers manning thousands of guns.
The Spanish Armada was a naval force sent by Philip II of Spain in May to join up with a Spanish army coming from the Netherlands and invade Protestant England – the end goal being to overthrow Queen Elizabeth I and reinstate Catholicism. The Armada failed to join up with the.
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Philip and Elizabeth
Philip had long been contemplating an attempt to restore the Roman Catholic faith in England, and English piracies against Spanish trade and possessions offered him further provocation. The Treaty of Nonsuch by which England undertook to support the Dutch rebels against Spanish rule, along with damaging raids by Sir Francis Drake against Spanish commerce in the Caribbean in —86, finally convinced Philip that a direct invasion of England was necessary.
Toggle navigation. Philip II, the Spanish monarch wanted to overthrow Queen Elizabeth I, and with the support of the Pope via priests on board the ships , and approximately 30, troops, they intended to convert the English back to the Roman Church. The English fleet was not as large nor were their ships as big, but the English held their own and won, defeating Spain's Armada. The Spanish Armada was also affected by terrible wind and rain that sent many ships northward and into the rocky shores of Ireland. Following England's victory the Protestant religion spread further throughout Europe. The Spanish Armada had ships, 25, guns, 14, barrels of wine, 4,,kg of ship's biscuits, and 11, sandals pairs. Many of the Spanish Armada's ships were former merchant ships that had been converted to battle ships.
The defeat of the Spanish Armada in — a fleet of Spanish ships led by Spanish commander Medina Sidonia with the purpose of overthrowing Queen Elizabeth I — is considered one of England's greatest military achievements, and one that served to boost the monarch's popularity. Here are 10 little-known facts about the Spanish Armada…. The Spanish Armada campaign of changed the course of European history. After landing near Margate in Kent, it is probable the battle-hardened Spanish troops would have been in the streets of London within a week. England would have reverted to the Catholic faith, and there may not have been a British empire to come.