Where was pope benedict xvi born
Benedict XVI (Author of Jesus of Nazareth)Pope Benedict XVI (Latin: Benedictus PP. XVI; Italian: Benedetto XVI; German: Benedikt XVI.; born Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger on 16 April 1927) was the 265th Pope, by virtue of his office of Bishop of Rome, the Sovereign of the Vatican City State and the head of the Catholic Church. He was elected on 19 April 2005 in a papal conclave, celebrated his Papal Inauguration Mass on 24 April 2005, and took possession of his cathedral, the Basilica of St. John Lateran, on 7 May 2005. A native of Bavaria, Pope Benedict XVI has both German and Vatican citizenship.
On 11 February 2013, Pope Benedict announced his resignation in a speech in Latin before the cardinals, citing a lack of strength of mind and body due to his advanced age. His resignation became effective on 28 February 2013. He is the first pope to resign since Pope Gregory XII in 1415, and the first to do so on his own initiative since Pope Celestine V in 1294. As pope emeritus, Benedict retains the style of His Holiness, and the title of Pope, and will continue to dress in the papal colour of white. He is expected to move into the newly renovated Mater Ecclesiae monastery for his retirement. He was succeeded by Pope Francis on 13 March 2013.
After a long career as an academic, serving as a professor of theology at various German universities (he formally remains a professor at the University of Regensburg), he was appointed Archbishop of Munich and Freising and cardinal by Pope Paul VI in 1977. In 1981, he settled in Rome when he became Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, one of the most important offices of the Roman Curia. At the time of his election as Pope, he was also Dean of the College of Cardinals, and as such the primus inter pares among the cardinals.
Like his predecessor Pope John Paul II, Benedict XVI is theologically conservative and his teaching and prolific writings defend traditional Catholic doctrine and values. During his papacy, Benedict XVI has advocated a return to fundamental Christian values to counter the increased secularisation of many developed countries. He views relativisms denial of objective truth, and the denial of moral truths in particular, as the central problem of the 21st century. He teaches the importance of both the Catholic Church and an understanding of Gods redemptive love. He has reaffirmed the importance of prayer in the face of the activism and the growing secularism of many Christians engaged in charitable work. Pope Benedict has also revived a number of traditions including elevating the Tridentine Mass to a more prominent position.
Pope Benedict is the founder and patron of the Ratzinger Foundation, a charitable organisation, which makes money from the sale of his books and essays in order to fund scholarships and bursaries for students across the world.
(more info on Ratzinger Foundation: https://www.ewtn.com/library/Theology...)
For twenty-seven years, from until his death in , John Paul II served as pope of the Roman Catholic Church, the Christian church consisting of bishops and priests with the pope as its head. In there were approximately 1. The pope also serves as the head of Vatican City, the smallest independent nation in the world, located in the heart of Rome, Italy. During Pope John Paul's tenure his closest confidant and adviser was Joseph Ratzinger, a German cardinal senior church official who helped the pope create many of the Church's public documents and stances on important issues. When Pope John Paul II died on April 2, , Ratzinger was considered a front-runner to replace him, and on April 19 he was elected almost unanimously by the cardinals who were part of the voting process.
Prior to his election as pope , Benedict led a distinguished career as a theologian and as prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. In he became the first pope to resign since Gregory XII in The youngest of three children, Ratzinger was six years old when the Nazis took power in Germany in ; his parents, who were staunch Catholics, were hostile to the regime. Ratzinger entered the seminary in In he was compelled to join the Hitler Youth , and in he was drafted into the German military, serving in an antiaircraft unit in Bavaria before being sent to Hungary to set tank traps in He deserted in April of that year and was captured by American forces and held prisoner for a brief period. After the war, Ratzinger continued his education in the seminary; he was ordained a priest in June
He was briefly a member of the Hitler Youth in his early teens, after membership became mandatory in He turned to theological studies after the war, helping found the influential journal Communio. He was elevated to the papacy in In February , at the age of 85, Pope Benedict XVI announced that he would be resigning on February 28, becoming the first pope in centuries to step down from his post. According to several media reports, Benedict's decision centered on his old age, and physical and mental weakness.
Pope Benedict XVI is a retired prelate of the Catholic Church who served as head of the Church . Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger was born on 16 April, Holy Saturday, , at Schulstra?e 11, at in the morning in his parents' home in Marktl.
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