Facts about the great migration
Great Migration Quotes (5 quotes)
It is calving season for wildebeest at this time of year. The Great Migration sees over 1. Between January and March, half a million wildebeest are born each year in the Serengeti. In February, the month with the highest calving rate, around 8, wildebeest are born each day. The Great Migration is the largest overland migration in the world.
The Great Migration was the relocation of more than 6 million African Americans from the rural South to the cities of the North, Midwest and West from about to Driven from their homes by unsatisfactory economic opportunities and harsh segregationist laws, many blacks headed north, where they took advantage of the need for industrial workers that first arose during the First World War. During the Great Migration, African Americans began to build a new place for themselves in public life, actively confronting racial prejudice as well as economic, political and social challenges to create a black urban culture that would exert enormous influence in the decades to come. Southern blacks were forced to make their living working the land due to black codes and the sharecropping system, which offered little in the way of economic opportunity, especially after a boll weevil epidemic in caused massive crop damage across the South. And while the Ku Klux Klan had been officially dissolved in , the KKK continued underground after that, and intimidation, violence and even lynching of black southerners were not uncommon practices in the Jim Crow South. When World War I broke out in Europe in , industrialized urban areas in the North, Midwest and West faced a shortage of industrial laborers, as the war put an end to the steady tide of European immigration to the United States.
In , 90 percent of African Americans lived in the states of the former Confederacy , where so-called Jim Crow statutes had legalized the separation of Americans by race., At that moment in American history, the country had reached a turning point in a fight for racial justice that had been building for decades. They were fleeing a world where they were restricted to the most menial of jobs, underpaid if paid at all, and frequently barred from voting.
The Great Migration sees over 1. The Great Migration is the largest overland migration in the world. The animals travel a total of km or more during each cycle. Because wildebeest have no natural leader, the migrating herd often splits up into smaller herds that circle the main, mega-herd, going in different directions. When considering these smaller, split herds the whole migration can cover over half of the whole Serengeti.
The annual migration of wildebeest from the plains of the Serengeti in Tanzania to the grasslands in Masai Mara, Kenya is perhaps one of the greatest natural phenomena to be witnessed. Slowly the masses being moving west across the grasslands and begin their migration North around April. May through August the herds continue traveling northward, occasionally being stalled at certain crossings. Around mid-August- September the wildebeest face their greatest obstacle: The Mara River Crossing, a truly fascinating spectacle. By October, they are reversing their journey, following the rains Southward, with more grace to reach the Southern Serengeti once again.