Pottery arts and crafts movement
Fired by Ideals: Arequipa Pottery and the Arts & Crafts Movement by Lynn DowneyThe Arts and Crafts Movement exerted a profound influence on early-twentieth-century America, not only in the applied and decorative arts but also in the area of social reform. Standing at this intersection of art and reform were American art potteries that taught ceramics skills to working-class women as a means of securing income, restoring health, and/or uplifting the spirit. Like its better known and more successful predecessors -- the Marblehead Pottery in Massachusetts, the Newcomb Pottery in New Orleans, and the Paul Revere Pottery in Boston (home of the Saturday Evening Girls) -- the Arequipa Pottery in Fairfax, California, had fascinating origins, and it produced distinctive wares that today are prized by collectors.Fired by Ideals: Arequipa Pottery and the Arts & Crafts Movement tells the story of the Arequipa Sanatorium and Pottery, whose roots lie in the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire. The dust and smoke from the disaster prompted an outbreak of tuberculosis, which afflicted working girls in particular. In 1911, a progressive physician, Dr. Philip King Brown, founded a treatment center in rural Marin County, north of San Francisco, where these women could get the rest and medical care they needed, as well as engage in a therapeutic and marketable pursuit: the manufacture of art pottery.
In addition to its engaging historical narrative supported by dozens of vintage photographs, the book employs technical illustrations and beautiful full-color reproductions to examine the production process at Arequipa and the types of pottery made there.
Arts & Crafts - Make a Decorative Vase (Pottery)
The Arts & Crafts Movement
Disenchanted with the impersonal, mechanized direction of society in the 19 th century, they sought to return to a simpler, more fulfilling way of living. The movement is admired for its use of high quality materials and for its emphasis on utility in design. The faith in the ability of art to reshape society exerted a powerful influence on its many successor movements in all branches of the arts. No detail of interior design was overlooked by the pioneer of the Arts and Crafts movement. Don't forget to visit the artist overview pages of the artists that interest you. It was the first house designed by Webb as an independent architect, and the only house that Morris built for himself.
The Arts and Crafts movement emerged during the late Victorian period in England, the most industrialized country in the world at that time. Anxieties about industrial life fueled a positive revaluation of handcraftsmanship and precapitalist forms of culture and society. Arts and Crafts designers sought to improve standards of decorative design, believed to have been debased by mechanization, and to create environments in which beautiful and fine workmanship governed. The Arts and Crafts movement did not promote a particular style, but it did advocate reform as part of its philosophy and instigated a critique of industrial labor; as modern machines replaced workers, Arts and Crafts proponents called for an end to the division of labor and advanced the designer as craftsman. The British movement derived its philosophical underpinnings from two important sources: first, the designer A. Pugin — , whose early writings promoting the Gothic Revival presaged English apprehension about industrialization, and second, theorist and art critic John Ruskin — , who advocated medieval architecture as a model for honest craftsmanship and quality materials. Morris strove to unite all the arts within the decoration of the home, emphasizing nature and simplicity of form.