How to tell if a narrator is reliable
Unreliable Narrator Quotes (20 quotes)
An unreliable narrator is a narrator whose credibility has been seriously compromised. Booth in The Rhetoric of Fiction. Sometimes the narrator's unreliability is made immediately evident. For instance, a story may open with the narrator making a plainly false or delusional claim or admitting to being severely mentally ill, or the story itself may have a frame in which the narrator appears as a character, with clues to the character's unreliability. A more dramatic use of the device delays the revelation until near the story's end. In some cases, the reader discovers that in the foregoing narrative, the narrator had concealed or greatly misrepresented vital pieces of information. Such a twist ending forces readers to reconsider their point of view and experience of the story.
Reliable and unreliable narration have been widely debated within literary scholarship over the last half century. However, as Terence Murphy notes, significantly more attention has been paid to trying to figure out how an impression of narratorial un reliability is constructed than has been paid to working out how and why a narrator might be believed to be reliable. Here, Booth suggests that Nick Carraway, the first-person narrator of F. He presents these five determinants as a model which can be used as a critical tool to discuss the relative reliability of any first-person narrator. Nick Carraway is an example of a narrator who is not the main character in the story, but instead tells the story of that main character. Nick Carraway has been through the trials of the First World War, which has tested and developed his moral beliefs, and which earns him respect. You are commenting using your WordPress.
In literature, an unreliable narrator is a character who tells a story with a lack of credibility. This discussion can lead us down a proverbial rabbit hole. If each person subjectively remembers something that happened, how do we know who is right? For the purpose of this article, however, we will refer to narrators who are purposefully unreliable for a specific narrative function. Click To Tweet. Fiction that makes us question our own perceptions can be powerful. An unreliable narrator can create a lot of grey areas and blur the lines of reality, allowing us to come to our own conclusions.
This may be because the point of view character is insane, lying, deluded or for any number of other reasons. The technique has been around as long as literature itself has been though. In fact, prehistoric humans probably sat around fires knowingly listening to one hunter who always exaggerated his feats. The writer and the narrator in fiction are not the same person of course, so what does the writer stand to gain from using a misleading narrator to tell a story? What is the purpose of an untruthful narrator in fiction?
Know Your Narrator. You're familiar with the three basic points of view- first person, second person, and third person. You've probably experimented with all three in different stories. It seems pretty simple but there's more to think about than just the pronouns. Think about your story in terms of the narrator.