The new jim crow book chapter 1 summary
Summary of The New Jim Crow: by Michelle Alexander | Includes Analysis by Instaread SummariesSummary of The New Jim Crow by Michelle Alexander | Includes Analysis
The New Jim Crow argues that the ongoing “War on Drugs” and the resulting mass incarceration of African Americans is the moral equivalent of Jim Crow.
Beginning in the seventeenth century, institutions emerged in colonial America that contributed to the creation of a racial caste system. America’s current racial caste system builds upon the legacy of both chattel slavery that existed in the United States prior to the Civil War and on the system of Jim Crow laws that designated African Americans to second-class citizenship in many parts of the American South prior to the civil rights movement.
This racial caste system is perpetuated across the country by members of both political parties. It has resulted in a large number of African American men who cannot vote, serve on juries, or find employment and housing. Discrimination against convicts is legally accepted and widespread…
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The New Jim Crow, Chapter 1: The Birth of Mass Incarceration (Period 3)
Best Summary: The New Jim Crow, by Michelle Alexander
Read the full comprehensive summary at Shortform. In 30 years, the US penal population increased from k to 2MM, with drug convictions accounting for the majority of increase. The US rate of incarceration is per , people, vs in the US in and 93 in Germany today. A third of black men will have served time in prison , based on rates. Since , the growth in number of arrests for black Americans has been concentrated in drug crimes - arrests for property and violent crimes have decreased. Blacks are no more likely than whites to sell and consume drugs albeit according to survey data. Despite this, blacks are searched and arrested at higher rates and receive more severe punishment for the same crime.
Cotton cannot vote either because he has been disenfranchised as a felon. America saw disenfranchising black men as essential to the original union; today many are still not able to vote because of their status as a felon. They are subject to discrimination in many ways — housing, employment, voting, food stamps, jury service — which brings us to a situation very much like the old Jim Crow. Alexander explains how she came to write this book. She did not see a new racial caste system, and when she started her job at the ACLU she recognized that there was racial bias in the criminal justice system but that was the extent of it.
Since this is not possible, all we can do is use the past to create a better future. One would think that with the election of the first African American president, Barack Obama, and the success of many African Americans in all areas Alexander mentions Oprah Winfrey, for example , our great nation is making progress. However, what I got from the introduction and Chapter 1 of this book is that this is definitely not the case. Prior to reading, I would not have gone so far as to compare this situation to a caste system because the only knowledge I have of the caste system is what I learned about in high school. As far as I know, members of Indian society were born into their caste and could not move up the social ladder; there was no social mobility. In the case of the U.
It argues that federal drug policy unfairly targets communities of color, keeping millions of young, black men in a cycle of poverty and behind bars.
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Chapter 1: The Rebirth of Caste Summary and Analysis
In conventional analyses of American history, systematic injustices directed toward people of color have been on a steady downfall since the days of race-based slavery. The Civil Rights Movement in the s was the final blow to institutionalized racism, and the ascent of Barack Obama, a black man, to the highest political office in the United States is proof that we now live in a "colorblind" society. Arguably, great progress has been made in achieving a fairer society, yet Alexander argues that this story largely misrepresents the conditions of poor and working class blacks today.
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